Prevention & Screening
Prevention and Screening
Protecting your Health

Cancer Care Nova Scotia endorses these steps from the Canadian Cancer Society to reduce your risk of developing cancer:

  • Be a non-smoker and avoid second-hand smoke.
  • Eat 5 to 10 servings of vegetables and fruit a day. Choose high fibre, lower fat foods. If you drink alcohol, limit your intake to 1 to 2 drinks a day.
  • Be physically active on a regular basis - this will also help you maintain a healthy body weight.
  • Protect yourself and your family from the sun. Reduce sun exposure between 11 a.m. and 4 p.m. Check your skin regularly and report any changes to your doctor.
  • Follow cancer screening guidelines. For women, discuss mammograms, Pap tests, and breast exams with a health professional. For men, discuss testicular exams and prostate screening with a health professional. Both men and women should also discuss screening for colon and rectal cancers.
  • Visit your doctor or dentist if you notice a change in your normal state of health.
  • Follow health and safety instructions both at home and at work when using, storing and disposing of hazardous materials.

Be Aware of Signs and Symptoms
If you have a concern or notice a change in your normal state of health, you should discuss it with your healthcare provider. Most often, symptoms we experience are not due to cancer. A visit with your health care provider will ensure that your concern is addressed appropriately. The Canadian Cancer Society has detailed information about symptoms of the most common cancers.

In March 2009, Cancer Care Nova Scotia hosted a national symposium on cancer prevention. Two presentations from this event are found below.

Evidence and Policy: Preventing Cancer and Chronic Disease

Policy and action for cancer prevention: Global, and in Canada - Geoffrey Cannon 

Food, Nutrition, Physical Activity, and the Prevention of Cancer,The 2007 WCRF/AICR Expert Report - Martin Wiseman

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For more information about prostate cancer visit the Prostate Cancer Canada website at